Main Article Content
Introduction: Incidence of lung cancer highest in Indonesia and the fifth most abundant in female after breast cancer. Lung cancer is first cause of cancer related mortality in male (21.8%) and second cause of cancer related mortality in female (9.1%) after breast cancer (21.4%). The result of study in 100 hospitals in Jakarta showed that lung cancer was the most abundant in male and forth in female. The sputum cytology in lung cancer is an initial examination for diagnosis. The sputum cytology examination is a simple, accurate, cheap and non-invasive for initial diagnosis of lung disease including lung cancer.
Methods: This study targeted lung malignancy suspect patient with sputum cytology examination in Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Hospital Palembang. The inclusion criteria were patients who will have a surgery and histopathology examination, patient >17 years old, patient that willingly take part in this research. The exclusion criteria were patient with sputum that can’t be retrieved. This study was using Cross Sectional method. The measurement of sensitivity and specificity of sputum cytology to histopathology examination calculated with Thornier-Remain formula.
Results: The lung cancer patient found most in category of > 40 years (63.6%), male and smoking (77.3%). The sputum cytology’s result highest in non-malignancy (86.4%) and the histopathology examination’s result highest in malignancy (72.7%). Sensitivity of sputum cytology in this study is 28.75% and the specificity 100%
Conclusion: The sensitivity of sputum cytology in 28.75% shown accuracy of sputum cytology method and specificity in 100% shown how often the sputum cytology method diagnoses the malignancy
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2.Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3.Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.